Policlinic Therapy
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Policlinic Therapy

First Department of internal medicine clinic was established in Russia in California (now University of Tartu) in the year 1805, founded and headed by her Professor Balk. The Veresayevs diary mentions this Chair as the most interesting for students where they feel doctors. Botkin felt appropriate still teaching students at the polyclinic therapy on the last course for a whole semester, because, according to him, the stark reality of polyclinic therapy differs significantly from the hothouse environment of the University Clinic. A similar Chair at the Moscow University was opened in 1896. After the revolution of 1930, on the initiative of the first health Commissar, N.A. Semashko in Moscow State University Faculty of Medicine began the work the Department of the out-patients clinic for internal medicine. In the formation and development of this unit benefits from the active involvement of many large domestic therapists, especially Professor Maxim Petrovich Konchalovsky. Since the early 50 's with the introduction of the subordinatury out-patients clinic of internal medicine was began to teach in all departments. However, the lack of systematic organizational-methodical support, experience in the clinic faculty, professional orientation of students primarily to fixed work had its negative effects. Certainly striking symptoms of classical forms of disease, principles of differential diagnosis, treatment must be internalized by students at the bedside in a hospital, where treatment is usually heavy patients. However, the bulk of the population in 90% of cases are medical care in an out-patients clinic, where the range and frequency of occurring diseases, management of patients, especially the treatment at home, the functional responsibilities of  doctors of out-patients clinic, their conditions of work are significantly different from stationary.

Historical experience, experience in preparing district doctors abroad (Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Canada) prompted the need to reconstitute and out-patients therapy chairs in our universities. In accordance with the decision of the Collegium of the Ministry Of Health of the USSR and RSFSR Ministry departments were organized into 50 out-patients therapy of medical universities of the country. The substance and purpose of the educational process at the Department of out-patients therapy is to develop the ability to form a system diagnostic, treatment plan, the implementation of a range of prevention activities following the principles of medical ethics. Proposal for a new Department for preventive service of the Republic of Bashkortostan has found understanding and support of the University Administration and the Ministry of health of Bashkortostan. Chair of  out-patients therapy BSMU was opened in August 1986. Manages the Department since its inception, doctor of medical sciences, Professor, honoured doctor of the Republic of Bashkortostan, honoured worker of higher school, the excellent of public health of the USSR Kryukova Antonina Yakovlevna. Creation of Department was preceded by preparatory work focused. Clinical databases were created with the active participation of the Chief doctors in polyclinics with modern equipment; N1 – head doctor Salikhova Elvira Shaukatovna; №33 – chief doctor Vladimir Vasiliyevich Tyrtyshny; №43 – head вщсещк Faizov Rail Gumeroviср; №46 – chief doctor Galimov Rais Nagimovich; №49 – chief doctor Gainetdinov Radik Akhmetovich took part and several other clinics. First assistants have become teachers with extensive experience in academia and public health practice: Rodikova Natalia Nikolaevna Kildiyarov Aleksandr Bajgazovich, Khasanov Gali Valeevich,  Rakhmanov Reef Aheevich, Morugova Tatyana Vyacheslavovna. The head teachers of Department were Morugova T.V., Nizamutdinova R.S., Bakirova Z.A., is presently Associate Professor Tuvalyeva Liya Salimyanovna. Enthusiastic pioneers the employees of the Department have worked and are working on making your own teaching development of out-patients therapy, which sets out the main issues and private medical-employment assessment, rehabilitation, therapeutic profile patients deliver lectures, hold workshops with students, working with them on practical advise reception difficult patients in diagnostic terms, help students acquire practical skills for a district doctor. The Chair is replenished by qualified teachers: Bakirova Z.A., Pavlova G.A., Nizamutdinova R.S., Scshezhin V.A., senior laboratory assistant Lev A.V., Ignatieva T.P., Mizin V.T., Akimova L.A., Volevach L.V., Tikhomirov A.Yu., Akhmadullina G.Ch., Tuvalyeva L.S., Nizamova E.I., Kamalova A.A., Khismatullina G.Ya. Acquisition of  Sakhautdinovoj G.M., Nikitina E.A., Kuramshinoj O.A., Gabbasovoj L.V. and becomes the Chair in scientific and pedagogical terms, mature, capable of holding up-to-date research, organize the educational process at the level of the requirements of time, provide practical assistance to the various health care.